What Are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease?

Factors for Heart Disease image

WorldExecutivesDigest.com | What Are the Risk Factors for Heart Disease? | According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), almost half of Americans have at least one of the health risk factors for heart disease. In this article, we will explore these risk factors and the cardiac disorders they can cause. We will also highlight some steps you can take to reduce your risks.

This article is intended to provide general information. It is not medical advice. If you have concerns about your heart health, please consult your physician. 

Risk Factors for Heart Disease

There are three key factors associated with heart disease risk: high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and smoking. These are the leading causes of heart disease, and they are all preventable. 

High Blood Pressure

Untreated high blood pressure is one of the most common risk factors for heart disease. People with high blood pressure are at risk of heart attack or kidney failure. High blood pressure can be treated with medication or lifestyle changes.

High Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a naturally-occurring substance in your body. We also consume cholesterol in many of the foods we eat. If you have more cholesterol in your blood than your body needs, it can build up blockages in your arteries. 

There are usually no outward signs that your cholesterol is too high. The only way to know for sure is through a blood test. Regular physical exams with your doctor are important to monitor your cholesterol levels.

Cholesterol levels can be managed with dietary changes or medication.


Smoking contributes to heart disease in many ways. Cigarette smoking can cause damage to your blood vessels. It can also damage your heart.

The nicotine in cigarettes is linked to higher blood pressure, and the smoke from cigarettes reduces the amount of oxygen available for your lungs. If you are a smoker, the best choice to improve your health is to seek help in quitting. 

Risk Factors You Can’t Change

While the three leading causes of heart disease can be changed, some factors that cannot, including heredity and family medical history. Knowing your family history and heart disease can help you take preventive measures to protect your health.

Reduce the Risk

There are steps you can take to reduce your risk of heart disease. Eating a healthy diet that is low in saturated fat and sodium is essential. It would help if you also tried to be moderately active for at least 150 minutes each week. 

Other steps you can take to lower your risks are monitoring your blood pressure and cholesterol levels. If you have high blood pressure or high cholesterol, work with your doctor to treat these conditions through medication or lifestyle changes. 

Working Toward Better Heart Health

Knowing the risk factors for heart disease is an essential step in preventing heart-related illness. But that’s only half the battle. You should take steps to reduce your risk factors for heart disease and pursue a healthy lifestyle.

If you are interested in learning more about heart health and improving your overall health and wellness, explore our site. We have many articles and advice on how to achieve better health and improve your quality of life.